Electric bus is a new type of bus that runs on electricity and other alternative fuels rather than diesel. It is also known as an electric vehicle, battery bus, or electric drive bus. The most important feature of such buses is that they reduce pollution by operating without the use of leaded gasoline. France initiated the first public introduction to this new type of bus in January 2013, when it put on sale three types: an articulated bus 23 feet long, a shorter 18-feet-long articulated bus, and a 40-foot hybrid articulated open-top vehicle (AOCV) with no doors – each carrying between 12 and 16 passengers.
About Electric bus
Electric Buses are starting to become popular in several parts of the world. The leading countries in the electric bus market are France, China, and Canada. Norway also plans to put off diesel buses from 2017 and replace them with all-electric buses.
Electric buses are becoming popular in several parts of the world due to the rising importance of environment-friendly vehicles and other factors like the rising demand for safe, affordable public transport systems. Electric bus demand is particularly high in Asian nations such as China, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, and Japan. Following Europe’s lead, these countries have invested heavily in R&D activities for electric vehicle manufacturing. The low-cost manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries is another factor driving the electric bus market.
Are there fully electric?
There are fully electric buses but the number of such buses is still very low. Fully electric buses are run on batteries that can be charged at bus terminals, depots, and charging stations that are found at bus stops and other locations. Fully electrical buses do not release any pollutants and do not require fossil fuel or diesel to move. One of the biggest advantages of these buses is that they do not produce any noise while running, unlike diesel, CNG, or petrol fuel-run vehicles.
Electric Buses have low operating costs which pose an attractive proposition for public transport operators to purchase. At the same time, there are other benefits of operating electric buses such as better passenger comfort, reduced noise pollution, and low maintenance costs. Electric buses do have an upfront cost but it is insignificant compared to the long-term expenses involved in purchasing a diesel bus which requires regular maintenance and replacement of parts.
Electric bus manufacturers are expanding into new geographic regions due to the rising demand for such vehicles in different regions, especially in Asia. Countries like China, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea have become attractive markets for electric vehicle manufacturers. Electric bus manufacturers are also focused on developing all-electric buses that can run up to 250 miles per charge which would be more beneficial to operators of public transport systems.
The global electric bus market is growing fast.
Their main advantages are:
- No pollution from the engine or exhaust fumes, which save a lot of energy and reduce the harmful effects on the environment.
- A cleaner engine means fewer maintenance costs, less costly repairs, and longer engine life.
- Less noise means passengers can travel in a more quiet environment, preventing more sleep problems at night, and enabling a more comfortable travel experience for all passengers.
- The batteries allow the bus to drive without consuming any fuel or CO² emissions.
- The batteries can be charged overnight, so the battery is always full and ready to drive the next morning.
- The battery doesn’t need any refueling, so it reduces costs for the owner of the bus company.
- The battery lasts longer than normal lead-acid batteries in all-electric vehicles (cars, buses, and trucks).
- It also helps drivers conserve energy which preserves fuel supplies, reduces harmful emissions, and also enables drivers to sleep while on a bus journey.
There are also some disadvantages
- The initial investment is higher than a normal conventional bus, but the running cost is lower.
- The buses cannot drive very far on one charge, only 100 to 200 km (depending on the size of the battery).
- It takes some time to charge the batteries, this makes it harder for the buses to drive overnight if needed.
- With a fully charged battery, you can’t drive more than 250 km before you need to charge it again for several hours/minutes.
- It takes several charge cycles (around 50–80) to fully charge the batteries.
- The bus’ brakes can take longer to cool down than traditional buses (10–20 minutes versus 5 minutes for a normal bus).
- It requires more maintenance; this is because the electric motor and battery system are new for the buses. So there is no chance to get familiar with any fault that may appear later.
- The batteries are expensive and can be easily damaged. If not handled properly during transportation or maintenance activity, which increases the cost of spare parts.
Helps in reducing pollution
The number of there is growing every year and their number will only increase in future. At the end of 2015, there were 5,000 electric buses operating in the world. These numbers are expect to increase even more in the coming years. To make the public transport systems less polluting, several cities have introduced the all-electric vehicles. In many cities like Paris, London, Oslo, and Copenhagen buses are now being fully electrified.
The all-electric bus (battery-powered) seems to be a realistic solution for reducing pollution from bus fleets and reducing carbon emissions. With an increasing number of electric vehicles entering service. It is expect that by 2025 there will be almost 500,000 electric vehicles on the road in Germany alone.
The first all-electric bus model was introduce in 2011, and its numbers are growing fast. Their future of them is looking very bright. Especially with the support of major cities like London which are investing heavily in large fleets of fully electric.
Their Global Market
The global market for them is big and growing fast. Whether it’s a fully electric bus or a hybrid (using diesel as well as electricity) the total spending on public transport has increased from 5 trillion in 2015 to around 6 trillion in 2019. In some areas, this market is even bigger than the private car market.